Product Tour
What's New
Start Now
For Windows For Mac For Linux

P&ID Drawing Guide

> Edraw Knowledge > P&ID Drawing Guide
Posted by Janice | 01/06/2021
This brief guide provides you with the basic knowledge of P&ID and a step-by-step tutorial on how to draw an effective P&ID with Edraw.

The Definition of P&ID

P&ID, short for piping and instrumentation diagram, is a detailed diagram that represents the technical realization of a process by means of graphical symbols, such as the service lines, instruments, controls, valves, and equipment. It is often used by engineers and technicians to understand the process better and how the instrumentations are connected.

Who uses P&ID

  • Piping Designers
  • Instrument Engineers
  • Process Engineers
  • Electrical Engineers
  • Mechanical Engineers

What Does a P&ID Used For?

  • It shows the inner relationship of how each instrument is connected.
  • It shows the relative location of equipment, actuators, and instruments in a process.
  • It depicts a conceptual outline of a plant and its control architecture.
  • It provides a common language for documenting, discussing, and analyzing a plant.

How to Draw a P&ID with Edraw

Here shows simple steps on how to make a P&ID with Edraw

Start a P&ID Drawing Page

Start Edraw, from Available Templates, choose Industrial Automation. The template window on the right will show five P&ID templates. Choose one template as the basic of your P&ID drawing, and double-click to open the template.

PID Drawing Templates


All-in-One Diagram Software
Create more than 280 types of diagrams effortlessly
Start diagramming with various templates and symbols easily
  • Superior file compatibility: Import and export drawings to various file formats, such as Visio
  • Cross-platform supported (Windows, Mac, Linux, Web)
Security Verified | Switch to Mac >>
Security Verified | Switch to Linux >>
Security Verified | Switch to Windows >>

Add Symbols with Proper Annotation

When a drawing page is open, the corresponding symbol library will also open automatically on the left of the canvas. For example, if you open a Utility-Generation P&ID, you will see the libraries of ductwork, blowers, boilers, chemistry, containers, heaters, HVAC, logistics, machines, mixers, motors, powers, pumps, and tanks. You can close the libraries you don't need, or open other P&ID libraries.

Drag a symbol you need and place it on the canvas. All symbols are in vector format, which means you can change the colors freely or zoom in to a bigger size without any clarity loss.

To add an annotation, go to Home tab, click Text button and drag a text box to type the description.

P&ID Symbol Feature

Save and Export

After it's done, you can right click on your mouse and choose fit to drawing.

Since others may not have Edraw, you might need to export the document to other formats so that other people can open. Click File tab, and go to Export & Send. There are many formats available including PDF, Word, Html, Visio, PPT, BMP, EMF, PNG, JPG and much more.

Look at the video below to learn how to create a P&ID in minutes

P&ID Symbols

One of the features that makes Edraw an outstanding P&ID designer is its vast collection of symbols. This following picture shows only the tip of iceberg.

Symbol Categories

P&ID Symbols

P&ID Drawing Examples

The following examples will guide you to learn P&ID better. You can discover more P&ID examples in our P&ID sharing community.

Simple Process Control System

Simple Process Control System

Power Generation PID

Power Generation PID

Process Control System

Process Control System

Related Articles

Create Piping and Instrument Diagram Easily

Piping Symbols

Layout of P&ID

Acronyms Used in P&ID

Get Started! You Will Love This Easy-To-Use Diagram Software

EdrawMax is an advanced all-in-one diagramming tool for creating professional flowcharts, org charts, mind maps, network diagrams, UML diagrams, floor plans, electrical diagrams, science illustrations, and more. Just try it, you will love it!